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Murderers onboard Flight #93:
United Airlines Flight 93
World Trade Center AA Flight 11 AA Flight 77
UA Flight 93 UA Flight 175 Pentagon
Crash Site Of United Airlines Flight 93, just outside Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
United Airlines Flight 93 was a scheduled flight from Newark International Airport (now Newark Liberty International Airport) in Newark, New Jersey, to San Francisco International Airport, then continuing on to Narita International Airport near Tokyo, Japan, on a different aircraft. On September 11, 2001, the United Airlines Boeing 757-222, registered N591UA, was one of four planes hijacked as part of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. It did not reach its intended target, instead crashing in an empty field just outside Shanksville, Pennsylvania, about 150 miles (240 km) northwest of Washington, D.C. The 9/11 Commission (through testimony, tapes of passengers' phone calls, and the flight data recorders recovered from the crash) determined that crew and passengers, alerted through phone calls to loved ones, had attempted to overpower the hijackers. The Commission concluded that the hijackers crashed the plane to keep the crew and passengers from gaining control
The hijackers were reported to be the following:
Ziad Jarrah (Lebanese), pilot ; Ahmed al-Haznawi (Saudi Arabian) ; Ahmed al-Nami (Saudi Arabian) ; Saeed al-Ghamdi (Saudi Arabian)
Of these, Ahmed al-Haznawi was the only hijacker selected on United Airlines Flight 93 by CAPPS. His checked bags underwent extra screening for explosives, with no extra scrutiny required by CAPPS at the passenger-security checkpoint.
The other three flights hijacked on the same day involved five hijackers on each plane. As Flight 93 had only four, this has led to speculation of a twentieth hijacker who was not able to participate.
8:42: United Airlines Flight 93, a Boeing 757, takes off with 37 passengers and seven crew members from Newark International Airport (now Newark Liberty International Airport), bound for San Francisco International Airport, following a 40-minute delay due to congested runways. Four hijackers are aboard. Its flight path initially takes it close to the World Trade Center before moving away westwards.
9:23: Flight 93 receives warning message text from United Airlines flight dispatcher: “Beware any cockpit intrusion - Two a/c [aircraft] hit World Trade Center.”
9:28: Hijackers storm the cockpit on Flight 93 and take over the flight. The entry of the hijackers is overheard by flight controllers at Cleveland, Ohio.
9:32: A radio transmission from Flight 93 is overheard by flight controllers at Cleveland: “Keep remaining sitting. We have a bomb on board.”
9:34: The FAA's Command Center relays information concerning Flight 93 to FAA headquarters.
9:35: Flight 93 reverses direction over Ohio and starts flying eastwards.
9:36: Cleveland advises the FAA Command Center that it is still tracking Flight 93 and inquires whether someone had requested the military to launch fighter aircraft to intercept the aircraft.
9:39: Another radio transmission is heard from Ziad Jarrah aboard Flight 93: “Uh, this is the captain. Would like you all to remain seated. There is a bomb on board and are going back to the airport, and to have our demands [unintelligible]. Please remain quiet.”
9:49: The FAA Command Center at Herndon suggests that someone at FAA headquarters should decide whether to request military assistance with Flight 93. Ultimately, the FAA makes no request before it crashes.
9:57: Passenger revolt begins on Flight 93.
10:01: The FAA Command Center advises FAA headquarters that an aircraft had seen Flight 93 "waving his wings," the hijackers' efforts to defeat the passengers' counter attack.
10:02: Communicators with the Vice President in the security bunker begin receiving reports from the Secret Service of an inbound aircraft — presumably hijacked — heading toward Washington. This is Flight 93.
10:03:11: United Airlines Flight 93 is crashed by its hijackers 80 miles (129 k) southeast of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. Later reports indicate that passengers had learned about the World Trade Center and Pentagon crashes on cell phones and at least three were planning on resisting the hijackers; the resistance was confirmed by Flight 93's cockpit voice recording, on which the hijackers are heard making their decision to down the plane before the passengers succeed in breaching the cockpit door. The 9/11 Commission believed that Flight 93's target was either the United States Capitol building or the White House in Washington, D.C.
Reports stated an eyewitness saw a white plane resembling a fighter jet circling the site minutes after the crash. These reports have limited credibility, although fighter jets had been scrambled to defend the Washington D.C. region earlier. These jets stayed within the immediate D.C. area.
10:03 (approximately): The National Military Command Center learns from the White House of Flight 93's hijacking.
10:07: NEADS, controlling the only set of fighters over Washington, first learns of the hijacking of Flight 93.
10:08: Air Traffic Control System Command Center in Herndon reports to FAA headquarters that Flight 93 may be down near Johnstown, Pennsylvania; at 10:17 the Command Center concludes it is so.
CAPPS: The Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System (often abbreviated CAPPS) is a counter-terrorism system in place in the United States air travel industry. The United States Transportation Security Administration (TSA) maintains a watchlist, pursuant to 49 USC § 114 (h)(2) , of "individuals known to pose, or suspected of posing, a risk of air piracy or terrorism or a threat to airline or passenger safety." The list is used to pre-emptively identify terrorists attempting to buy plane tickets or board planes traveling in the United States, and to mitigate perceived threats.
CAPPS systems rely on what is known as a Passenger Name Record, often abbreviated PNR. When a person books a plane ticket, certain identifying information is collected by the airline: full name, address, etc. This information is used to check against some data store (e.g., a TSA No-Fly list, the FBI ten most wanted fugitive list, etc.) and assign a terrorism "risk score" to that person. High risk scores require the airline to subject the person to extended baggage and/or personal screening, and to contact law enforcement if necessary.
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